Tuesday May 31st, 2016 5:57PM

Ga. legislators weigh big change for Jekyll Island; Cumming lawmaker authors bill

By The Associated Press
SAVANNAH, Ga. (AP) -- For more than four decades, development of hotels and attractions on Jekyll Island has long been governed by a seemingly simple law mandating that 65 percent of the state park's land must remain unspoiled.

Now Georgia lawmakers are being asked to make a big change to the key policy that has guided conservation on the island getaway since 1971. Both conservation groups and the state authority that manages Jekyll Island want to do away with using a percentage to limit how much of its land is open to development and instead insert a fixed number of acres into the law.

The compromise was hatched last year as the Jekyll Island Authority and environmentalists debated how to calculate the island's acreage, particularly whether marsh should be counted as land, for a new master plan to guide the park's future. Identical bills that would write the deal into state law were introduced in both the House and Senate last week as the Legislature opened its 2014 session.

The House measure's main sponsor is Rep. Mark Hamilton, R-Cumming, who says he learned firsthand how difficult it can be to agree on the exact size of a barrier island when he served as chairman of the legislative oversight committee for Jekyll Island. Beach-raking storms and natural tidal erosion can literally shrink an island's land area, he said, while new technologies can alter the way we measure it.

"This is a wonderful thing for lawyers because they get to continue to argue about all this," Hamilton said. "Why don't we just stick a stake in the ground and say here's the amount of acreage we can develop?"

Wealthy northern industrialists owned Jekyll Island and used it as a secluded winter getaway until 1947, when Georgia officials bought it for use as a state park. Since 1971, the guiding policy ensuring most of its beaches, salt marshes and forests remain unspoiled has been the law mandating 65 percent of the island remain undisturbed. No new acreage was used in the island's recent $50 million tourism makeover, which built a new convention center and beachside park on a site where old construction was bulldozed.

The compromise proposed to do away with the so-called "65-35 rule" would limit total development on Jekyll Island to 1,675 acres. Most of that land has already been used, and future development would be limited to just 78 acres. Twelve of those acres have already been designated for expansion of the park's campground. And any new commercial construction would be further restricted to just 20 acres.

The Georgia Conservancy, headed by former Democratic Lt. Gov. Pierre Howard, is endorsing the changes. So is the Initiative to Protect Jekyll Island, another group that butted heads with the state authority over the proper way to measure how many acres made up the 35 percent of the island open to development under the existing law.

During development of Jekyll Island's new master plan last year, both conservation groups argued the park should exclude marsh from its acreage calculations, which would have shrunk the island's size and pushed its developed percentage over the legal limit. State Attorney General Sam Olens weighed in with an opinion that marsh should count as land, which left the Jekyll Island Authority free to build on at least 108 more acres.

"Twenty acres for us looks like we would still be able to pretty much protect the island from what we would consider excessive development," said David Egan, an island resident and co-founder of the Initiative to Protect Jekyll Island. "People who are concerned this is a land grab or a giveaway, if they look at it carefully I think they'll see it's a pretty reasonable compromise."

The question now is whether legislators will agree. Rep. Lynn Smith, R-Newnan and chairman of the House Natural Resources and Environment Committee, is a co-sponsor of the bill and said she plans to have lawmakers vet the details in a subcommittee. Its first meeting could come next week.

Eric Garvey, spokesman for the Jekyll Island Authority, said he suspects the plan will win broad support at the Capitol because of the consensus already reached by the park's managers and stakeholders.

"We don't expect there will be any controversy around it," Garvey said. "We feel like everyone's ready to see this solution put into law so we can move forward."

But it's also possible some lawmakers could insist on changes that threaten to undermine the compromise.

Egan said he's particularly concerned that legislators might want to adjust the total acreage that would remain open to development.

"I think it's pretty fragile," Egan said. "There are people probably on both sides of the issue who feel if this is going to get changed, they're not going to support it."
© Copyright 2016
All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Grass fire impacts rush hour traffic on 985
Rush hour traffic on I-985 was slowed by a grass fire Wednesay afternoon with one lane closed while firefighters fought the blaze.
10:19PM ( 1 year ago )
Judge denies motions to move, delay Tsarnaev trial
Lawyers for Boston Marathon bombing suspect Dzhokhar Tsarnaev asked a federal appeals court Wednesday to overturn a judge's decision to not move his upcoming trial out of state.
10:02PM ( 1 year ago )
Sheriff: Man shot 2 on I-85 because he wanted car
A 22-year-old man shot two people who stopped to give him a ride on Interstate 85 in South Carolina on Christmas Eve because he wanted their car to drive to Georgia, a sheriff said Wednesday.
5:21PM ( 1 year ago )
Local/State News
Committee leaves transportation funding to lawmakers
Georgia will have to cover a $1 billion to $1.5 billion transportation funding gap to stay economically competitive, a committee of lawmakers is warning in a report issued Tuesday.
5:36AM ( 1 year ago )
US off war footing at year's end, but wars go on
Taking America off a permanent war footing is proving harder than President Barack Obama may have suggested.
6:13PM ( 1 year ago )
Pedestrian fatal blocks I-85 southbound at Dry Pond Road in Jackson County
‚ÄčA pedestrian was pronounced dead in Jackson County Tuesday afternoon, possibly hit by a vehicle on Interstate 85 at the Dry Pond Road exit, emergency officials said.
4:02PM ( 1 hour ago )
Forsyth County shooting suspect's vehicle found abandoned in Buford
The vehicle belonging to a suspected wanted for a double shooting in Forsyth County has been found in Buford, near the Mall of Georgia.
11:58AM ( 5 hours ago )
Marshals capture suspect in 2010 Hall County Murder case
A suspect who had been on the lam for over six years was behind bars in Hall County Tuesday, charged with murder and other offenses in the March 2010 beating death of a 67-year-old man.
11:50AM ( 6 hours ago )
Second man arrested in murder of homeless man in Gwinnett
Authorities in Gwinnett County said a second man has been arrested in connection with the robbery and murder of a Snellville pizza business employee.
11:21AM ( 6 hours ago )
Motorcyclist arrested after high speed chase with Georgia State Patrol in Hall, Forsyth counties
A Kennesaw man faces drug and traffic charges after he allegedly led Georgia State troopers on a high speed chase through Hall and Forsyth counties Monday night.
7:20AM ( 10 hours ago )