clearn.png
Tuesday September 28th, 2021 9:53PM

Unwilling to wait, poorer countries seek their own vaccines

By The Associated Press

NEW DELHI (AP) — With coronavirus cases still climbing, Honduras got tired of waiting to get vaccines through a United Nations program, so the small Central American country struck out on its own, securing the shots through a private deal.

Honduras “cannot wait on bureaucratic processes or misguided decisions" to give citizens “the peace of mind” offered by the COVID-19 vaccine, said Juan Carlos Sikaffy, president of the Honduran Private Business Council, which helped complete the purchase by providing a bank guarantee.

Other nations are getting impatient too. Unlike past disease outbreaks, where less wealthy countries have generally waited for vaccines to be delivered by the U.N. and other organizations, many are now taking matters into their own hands. Experts are increasingly concerned that these go-it-alone efforts could undermine a U.N.-backed program to get COVID-19 shots to the neediest people worldwide.

Countries including Serbia, Bangladesh and Mexico recently began vaccinating citizens through donations or commercial deals — an approach that could leave even fewer vaccines for the program known as COVAX, since rich countries have already snapped up the majority of this year's supply.

Led by the World Health Organization, a coalition for epidemic preparedness known as CEPI and a vaccine alliance called GAVI, COVAX was created to distribute COVID-19 vaccines fairly. Countries can join either to buy vaccines or to get donated shots.

Mustaqeem De Gama, a diplomat at the South African mission in Geneva, cited “a level of desperation” fueled by spreading virus variants and “the uncertainty of when any COVAX vaccines might arrive.” He doubted that countries that signed up for COVAX ”will even get 10% of what they require.”

Even if the effort succeeds, COVAX’s stated goal is to vaccinate less than 30% of people in poor countries, meaning that governments must seek other sources to obtain enough shots to achieve herd immunity.

Serbian President Aleksandar Vucic said his country was forced to cut its own deals after watching rich countries scramble for the scarce shots. He criticized nations that, he said, bought more doses than they needed.

“It’s as if they intend to vaccinate all their cats and dogs,” he said.

Although Serbia paid 4 million euros to COVAX last year, it has not yet received any shots and last month began its immunization campaign with vaccines from Pfizer, China's Sinopharm and Russia.

Recent manufacturing delays in Europe raise concerns about whether drugmakers will be able to fulfill the multiplying orders.

“There are so many deals being signed that I think it’s hard to see how the numbers could possibly add up for all the doses ordered to actually be produced in the foreseeable future,” said Amanda Glassman, a public health expert and executive vice-president of the Center for Global Development.

Last week, the African Union completed a deal for 400 million doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine, to be produced by the Serum Institute of India. That’s on top of a previously negotiated African Union deal for 270 million doses from several pharmaceutical companies and in addition to the 600 million doses Africa expects to receive from COVAX.

Some experts warn that these new deals could move COVAX further to the back of the line, especially if some countries are willing to pay a premium for speed.

To ensure South Africans got doses of the AstraZeneca vaccine quickly, government officials reluctantly agreed to pay a higher price per shot than Europe or North America. The first shipments arrived this week.

COVAX hopes to start sending its first vaccine batches to Africa later this month, but those plans are subject to change depending on manufacturers' production capacities and countries' immunization plans.

Mexico began vaccinating health workers in December because of a direct purchase agreement with Pfizer, but progress has been slow. In recent weeks, the country gave emergency approval to Russia’s Sputnik V vaccine but said the first batches weren't due until sometime later this month.

Kate Elder, senior vaccines policy adviser at Doctors Without Borders, said developing countries should not be criticized for securing private vaccine deals since that is precisely what rich countries did last year.

“Every country is just doing what it feels it needs to do to protect their people,” she said, but the ability of poor countries and regions to get vaccine faster than COVAX could hurt future U.N. efforts.

“If countries are getting vaccines on their own, then how are WHO and GAVI delivering for them?” she asked.

Although India is contracted to provide COVAX with several hundred million doses of vaccine, the shots have not yet been authorized by the WHO, meaning India cannot release them for the U.N. program. In the meantime, India has already gifted neighbors, including Sri Lanka, Bangladesh and Nepal, with more than 5 million doses.

Dr. Haritha Aluthge of Sri Lanka’s Government Medical Officers’ Association, called for the WHO to intervene amid the intense competition for vaccines and the failure of COVAX to deliver.

“Not a single dose (from COVAX) has been received,” Aluthge said.

WHO chief Tedros Adhanom Ghebreyesus warned recently that the world is on the brink of a “catastrophic moral failure” if COVID-19 vaccines are not distributed fairly, but the agency has no authority to force rich countries to share.

Its entreaties for countries to act in solidarity have mostly been ignored.

Norway is the only country that said it would send vaccines to developing countries as its own citizens are immunized, but it has not specified how many would be donated. Britain said it would not divert any vaccines until it finishes its own immunization program. Australia, which has mostly stamped out COVID-19, has no timeline for when it might share vaccines with its poorer neighbors in southeast Asia and the Pacific islands.

The unrelenting pressure on the world’s vaccine supplies might only lift when more shots prove successful, said Krishna Udayakumar, director of the Duke Global Health Institute.

“COVAX is the only global, multilateral platform to enable something close to global access and equity, and yet, it has access to a relatively small amount of vaccines,” he said. “The only way out is to have more vaccines.”

___

Cheng reported from Toronto. Associated Press writers Dusan Stojanovic in Belgrade, Christopher Sherman in Mexico City, Marlon González in Tegucigalpa, Honduras, and Krishan Francis in Colombo, Sri Lanka, contributed to this report.

  • Associated Categories: Associated Press (AP), AP National News, AP Online National News, Top General short headlines, AP Health, AP World News, AP Business, AP Business - Industries, AP Business - Health Care
© Copyright 2021 AccessWDUN.com
All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
AP Interview: Olympic champion adds voice to #MeToo movement
The most successful female athlete in Greek sporting history recently alleged that a senior national sailing federation official sexually assaulted her almost 23 years ago
2:51AM ( 13 minutes ago )
Turkish president takes action at protest-rocked university
Turkey’s president has ordered the establishment of two new departments in the country’s most prestigious university, which has been rocked by weeks of protests
2:44AM ( 20 minutes ago )
Unwilling to wait, poorer countries seek their own vaccines
Some poorer countries are getting tired of waiting to get vaccines through a United Nations program, so they are striking out on their own
2:26AM ( 38 minutes ago )
Associated Press (AP)
The Latest: Sri Lankan officials say vaccinations advancing
 Sri Lankan health officials say more than half of the health workers and frontline military and police officers have so far been vaccinated against COVID-19
11:57PM ( 3 hours ago )
Biden back in Delaware with moving on his weekend to-do list
President Joe Biden is back in Delaware with moving on his weekend to-do list
9:48PM ( 5 hours ago )
The Latest: Hawaiians urged to avoid Super Bowl parties
Hawaii officials are urging the public to avoid Super Bowl parties this weekend while announcing that a more transmissible variant of COVID-19 has been detected on Oahu
9:22PM ( 5 hours ago )
AP Health
Peru's crime worries tainting Venezuelans who want to work
Thousands of Venezuelans in Peru lost jobs as delivery drivers, cooks and casino workers when the coronavirus pandemic began
11:59PM ( 3 hours ago )
Myanmar junta shuts Twitter and Instagram to curb protests
Military authorities in charge of Myanmar have broadened a ban on social media following this week’s coup and shut Twitter and Instagram
11:24PM ( 3 hours ago )
Top diplomats of US, UK, France, Germany hold virtual talks
The top diplomats of Britain, France, Germany and the United States are meeting for the first time in almost three years as the European allies welcome America’s return to center stage in world affairs under President Joe Biden
7:09PM ( 7 hours ago )
AP World News
India restores 4G mobile internet in Kashmir after 550 days
India has ended an 18-month-long ban on high speed internet services on mobile devices in disputed Kashmir, where opposition to New Delhi has surged after it revoked the region’s autonomy
11:42PM ( 3 hours ago )
MLS and players reach agreement on new CBA
Major League Soccer and its players struck and agreement Friday night on a new collective bargaining agreement that will run through the 2027 season
10:12PM ( 4 hours ago )
Fox Business cancels 'Lou Dobbs Tonight' after a decade
Fox Business Network’s “Lou Dobbs Tonight” has been canceled
9:36PM ( 5 hours ago )
AP Business
Pentagon deploys troops to fuel COVID-19 vaccine drive
The Pentagon will deploy more than 1,100 troops to five vaccination centers in what will be the first wave of increased military support for the White House campaign to get more Americans vaccinated against COVID-19
3:54PM ( 11 hours ago )
The Latest: Spain: 1st case of Brazilian variant in Madrid
Spain has reported its first case of the Brazilian variant in a passenger arriving at Madrid airport
1:56PM ( 13 hours ago )
The Latest: WH: Pentagon OKs troops to assist with vaccines
The White House says the Pentagon will deploy troops to assist Americans getting vaccinated against COVID-19
12:33PM ( 14 hours ago )
AP Business - Industries
The Latest: Germany to receive 1st AstraZeneca vaccine
Germany’s health minister says first batches of the newly authorized AstraZeneca vaccine for will be delivered to the country’s 16 states Friday
5:01AM ( 22 hours ago )
The Latest: Hungary says Sputnik V ready for use next week
Hungary could be the first country in the European Union to administer a Russian COVID-19 vaccine as early as next week
4:55AM ( 22 hours ago )
The Latest: UK arrivals to spend 10 days in hotel isolation
British officials say everyone arriving in the country from coronavirus hot spots will have to spend 10 days in hotel quarantine starting Feb. 15 in a bid to stop new variants of the virus reaching the U.K. The government is facing criticism for the delay in implementing the policy, which it first announced in late January
4:48AM ( 22 hours ago )
AP Business - Health Care
AP Interview: Olympic champion adds voice to #MeToo movement
The most successful female athlete in Greek sporting history recently alleged that a senior national sailing federation official sexually assaulted her almost 23 years ago
2:51AM ( 13 minutes ago )
Turkish president takes action at protest-rocked university
Turkey’s president has ordered the establishment of two new departments in the country’s most prestigious university, which has been rocked by weeks of protests
2:44AM ( 20 minutes ago )
Justices: California can't enforce indoor church service ban
The Supreme Court is telling California it can’t enforce a ban on indoor church services because of the coronavirus pandemic
2:13AM ( 51 minutes ago )
US, China top diplomats discuss key issues, show differences
The top American and Chinese diplomats have held phone talks in the first major exchange between the countries since President Joe Biden took office and touched on several critical issues straining their ties
1:58AM ( 1 hour ago )
UN kicks off selection of next secretary-general
The United Nations has kicked off the selection of its next secretary-general
1:55AM ( 1 hour ago )