sunny.png
Sunday September 20th, 2020 10:02AM

US unemployment rate falls to 8.4% even as hiring slows

By The Associated Press

WASHINGTON (AP) — U.S. unemployment dropped sharply in August from 10.2% to a still-high 8.4%, with about half the 22 million jobs lost to the coronavirus outbreak recovered so far, the government said Friday in one of the last major economic reports before Election Day.

Employers added 1.4 million jobs last month, down from 1.7 million in July and the fewest since hiring resumed in May. And an increasingly large share of Americans reported that their jobs are gone for good, according to the Labor Department report.

Altogether, that was seen by economists as evidence that further improvement is going to be sluggish and uneven.

“The fact that employment is settling into a trend of slower, grinding growth is worrisome for the broader recovery,” said Lydia Boussour, an economist at Oxford Economics.

Still, President Donald Trump, who is seeking reelection in less than two months amid the worst economic downturn since the Depression in the 1930s, exulted over the latest unemployment figure, saying, "That is many, many months ahead of schedule.”

Democratic nominee Joe Biden downplayed the report and said the viral outbreak is still weighing on the economy.

“Donald Trump may be the only president in modern history to leave office with fewer jobs than when he took office,” Biden said. The U.S. has 4.7 million fewer jobs now than when Trump was inaugurated, but if the monthly gains continue at the same pace as in August, those jobs would be recovered by January.

Friday’s figures were the next-to-last employment report before the presidential election Nov. 3. For many voters, the unemployment rate is the most visible measure of the economy.

Should unemployment keep dropping rapidly, it could near 7% by early November, said Michael Strain, an economist at the American Enterprise Institute.

“That’s bad, it’s too high, many people will be suffering, but you can see healthy from there,” Strain said. “The question always has been: What’s going to matter more on Election Day — the rate of improvement of the economy or the absolute condition of the economy?”

The drop in unemployment was sharper than most economists expected and was attributed mainly to businesses recalling workers who had been temporarily laid off.

Private companies added just over 1 million jobs in August, with the government providing nearly 350,000 others, including a quarter-million temporary census workers. The fall in private hiring from 1.5 million jobs in July was seen as a sign that employers remain cautious with the virus still out of control.

The outbreak is blamed for about 187,000 deaths and almost 6.2 million confirmed infections in the U.S., by far the highest totals in the world.

Richard Moody, chief economist at Regions Financial, noted that about half the private-sector job gains were in three categories: retail, restaurants, hotels and casinos, and health care. All have benefited from the reopening of most states' economies.

“When the reopening effect wears off, the overall job gains in coming months should be considerably smaller," he said.

Retailers added 250,000 jobs, led by big gains at warehouse clubs and supercenters, and restaurants, hotels and entertainment firms gained 174,000. Health care added 90,000. But manufacturers, which are enjoying a jump in demand, particularly for cars, added just 29,000 jobs, one-tenth of their job growth in June. Construction added just 16,000 despite strong home building.

After an epic collapse in the spring, when the economy shrank at a roughly 30% annual rate, growth has been rebounding as states have reopened at least parts of their economies. But uncertainty is running high, and many companies are still cutting jobs, with most of the layoffs permanent.

Casino and hotel operator MGM Resorts, slammed by declines in travel and tourism, said last week that it is eliminating 18,000 jobs. Coca Cola, which derives half its sales from stadiums, theaters and other venues that have been largely shut down, is offering buyouts to 4,000 employees. Bed, Bath & Beyond will shed 2,800 jobs.

More than 20% of small businesses are still closed, a figure that has been flat since June, according to Homebase, a provider of time-management software to small companies.

Millions of people have given up looking for work since the outbreak began, many to avoid contracting the coronavirus. That has helped bring down the jobless rate, because the government doesn't count people as unemployed unless they are actively seeking jobs.

In Friday's report, less than half of the 13.6 million unemployed said their layoffs were temporary, down from three-quarters in April.

Brandon Stephens, president of Christmas Decor, is struggling with the uncertainty. The business has 300 franchised outlets across the U.S. that are mostly landscape and pest control companies but turn to setting up lights and decorations for Christmas, Halloween and other holidays in the colder months. That switch typically enables the franchisees to save 3,000 jobs.

Stephens said he is seeing a big increase in interest in holiday decorations from consumers. But businesses are much more cautious about committing to big holiday displays.

“The challenge with our business is we don’t know if we’re screwed until the last couple of weeks of the year,” he said.

Roughly 29 million Americans are receiving state unemployment benefits but are no longer drawing an extra $600 a week in federal jobless aid, which expired more than a month ago. The Trump administration has set up a program to provide some of the unemployed with $300 a week. But the new rules will make many ineligible.

One consequence of the crisis is that rising stress and anxiety are evident at therapists' offices and mental health hotlines around the country.

"Not many days go by where I don’t have a couple where one partner or both are not working or furloughed,” said Todd Creager, a therapist in Southern California who treats mostly middle- to upper-middle-class adults.

___

AP Writers Steven Peoples, Jill Colvin, Will Weissert and Lindsey Tanner in Chicago contributed to this report.

  • Associated Categories: U.S. News, Local/State News, Associated Press (AP), AP National News, AP Online National News, Top U.S. News short headlines, Top General short headlines, AP Elections, General Election News, AP Business, AP Business - Economy
© Copyright 2020 AccessWDUN.com
All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
The Latest: Myrtle Beach, SC, extends virus mask mandate
A South Carolina beach town has renewed its mask mandate
8:18AM ( 33 minutes ago )
Slain shooting suspect was a regular at Portland protests
Michael Forest Reinoehl, the man believed to have fatally shot a supporter of President Donald Trump following skirmishes between Black Lives Matter protesters and a pro-Trump caravan in Portland, Oregon, was a regular at the demonstrations that have roiled the Northwest city for months
8:07AM ( 44 minutes ago )
2nd crew member, dead cows found after ship sinks off Japan
Japan's coast guard says rescuers saved another survivor after finding an unconscious crew member and multiple dead cows from a livestock ship that sank in stormy weather
7:59AM ( 53 minutes ago )
Associated Press (AP)
Freight firms warn of Brexit disruption amid UK-EU deadlock
British freight haulers and storage companies are asking for an urgent meeting with government leaders because of concern that gaps in preparations for Brexit may threaten supplies of critical goods
7:22AM ( 1 hour ago )
Greek FM heads to UN amid tense standoff with Turkey
Greece’s foreign minister is heading to New York for talks with the United Nations secretary-general as tensions between Greece and Turkey escalate over maritime boundaries and energy resources in the eastern Mediterranean
6:40AM ( 2 hours ago )
The Latest: Madrid expands restrictions to indoor gatherings
The Madrid regional government is further restricting family reunions and social gatherings to curb a sharp spike in coronavirus cases just as schools are set to reopen
6:12AM ( 2 hours ago )
AP Business
Asian shares follow Wall Street lower as investors pull back
Asian markets and U.S. futures have fallen after stocks fell sharply on Wall Street, as investors' exuberance faltered after a spate of record highs
3:31AM ( 5 hours ago )
Fraud concerns over California's unemployment benefits
Concerns are growing about possible fraud at California’s unemployment agency
9:33PM ( 11 hours ago )
Leaders of Kosovo, Serbia at White House for economic talks
The U.S. has completed the first of two days of talks aimed at normalizing economic relations between Serbia and Kosovo where tensions remain high over thorny political issues
5:48PM ( 15 hours ago )
AP Business - Economy
The Latest: Myrtle Beach, SC, extends virus mask mandate
A South Carolina beach town has renewed its mask mandate
8:18AM ( 34 minutes ago )
Slain shooting suspect was a regular at Portland protests
Michael Forest Reinoehl, the man believed to have fatally shot a supporter of President Donald Trump following skirmishes between Black Lives Matter protesters and a pro-Trump caravan in Portland, Oregon, was a regular at the demonstrations that have roiled the Northwest city for months
8:07AM ( 44 minutes ago )
2nd crew member, dead cows found after ship sinks off Japan
Japan's coast guard says rescuers saved another survivor after finding an unconscious crew member and multiple dead cows from a livestock ship that sank in stormy weather
7:59AM ( 53 minutes ago )
Boseman honored as hometown hero in native South Carolina
Actor Chadwick Boseman was mourned, honored and celebrated in his hometown of Anderson, South Carolina
7:48AM ( 1 hour ago )
Federal task force kills Portland shooting suspect at arrest
A man suspected of fatally shooting a supporter of a right-wing group in Portland, Oregon, last week was killed late Thursday as a federal fugitive task force tried to arrest him
7:26AM ( 1 hour ago )