rainn.png
Saturday January 18th, 2020 6:27PM

Key moments in the unraveling of Iran's nuclear deal

By The Associated Press
Related Articles
  Contact Editor

The decision by European nations to trigger a dispute resolution mechanism in the Iran nuclear deal marks the latest step in the unraveling of the accord, which began when President Donald Trump walked away from the agreement and began restoring sanctions on Iran.

The agreement, reached under President Barack Obama, imposed restrictions and stepped-up monitoring of Iran's nuclear program in exchange for the lifting of international sanctions. Trump and other critics faulted the deal for not addressing Iran's ballistic missile program or its support for armed groups across the region.

Even after Trump's withdrawal, Iran complied with the deal until last summer, when it announced it would begin exceeding limits set by the agreement because it was no longer getting the economic benefits it was promised.

Britain, France, Germany, Russia and China, the other signatories, remain committed to the deal. The European nations have tried but failed to develop a mechanism that would allow them to continue trading with Iran. The U.S. sanctions have devastated Iran’s economy.

On Tuesday, the Europeans said they would trigger the dispute mechanism to try to bring Iran back into compliance with the deal.

Here’s a timeline of major events in the unraveling of the nuclear deal:

July 14, 2015: World powers and Iran announce a long-term, comprehensive nuclear agreement in which Iran curbs its nuclear activities in exchange for the lifting of international sanctions.

___

Jan. 16, 2016: The International Atomic Energy Agency acknowledges Iran has met its commitments under the nuclear deal. Meanwhile, the U.S. and Iran make a prisoner swap that frees Washington Post journalist Jason Rezaian and three other Iranian-Americans. The U.S. makes a $400 million cash delivery to Iran the same day. Those funds were related to undelivered military equipment from the shah’s era.

___

Nov. 8, 2016: Trump is elected U.S. president after campaigning on promises to scrap the nuclear deal.

___

Oct. 13, 2017: Trump announces he will not re-certify the Iran nuclear deal as required, saying the accord “threw Iran’s dictatorship a political and economic lifeline.”

___

May 8, 2018: Trump withdraws the U.S. from the nuclear deal. In the coming months, the United States gradually restores economic sanctions on Iran. Britain, France, Germany, Russia and China, the other signatories, say they remain committed to the deal.

___

Nov. 5, 2018: U.S. imposes tough sanctions on Iran’s oil industry, the lifeline of its economy, as Secretary of State Mike Pompeo announces a list of 12 demands it must meet for sanctions relief. Iran rejects the wide-ranging demands, which include ending its support for armed groups in the region, withdrawing from the Syrian civil war and halting its ballistic missile program.

___

May 8, 2019: Iran vows to enrich its uranium stockpile closer to weapons-grade levels if world powers fail to negotiate new terms for the nuclear deal. The European Union urges Iran to respect the nuclear deal and says it plans to continue trading with the country. Trump says he would like Iran’s leaders to “call me.”

___

July 1, 2019: Iran follows through on a threat to exceed the limit set by the nuclear deal on its stockpile of low-enriched uranium, which is used for civilian applications and not for nuclear weapons.

___

November 2019: Protests break out across Iran after authorities raise the price of gasoline, the latest of several waves of sporadic, leaderless protests ignited by economic grievances. Amnesty International later says more than 300 people were killed.

___

Dec. 27, 2019: A U.S. contractor is killed in a rocket attack on a base in northern Iraq. The U.S. blames the attack on Kataeb Hezbollah, one of several Iran-backed militias operating in Iraq.

___

Dec. 29, 2019: U.S. airstrikes hit Kataeb Hezbollah positions in Iraq and Syria, killing at least 25 fighters and bringing vows of revenge. Iraq calls the strikes a “flagrant violation” of its sovereignty.

___

Dec. 31, 2019: Hundreds of Iran-backed militiamen and their supporters barge through an outer barrier of the U.S. Embassy in Baghdad and hold two days of violent protests.

___

Jan. 3: A U.S. airstrike near Baghdad’s international airport kills Gen. Qassem Soleimani, the leader of Iran’s elite Quds Force and the mastermind of its regional military operations. Iran vows “harsh retaliation.”

___

Jan. 5: Iran announces it will no longer abide by the nuclear deal.

___

Jan. 8: Iran launches ballistic missiles on two bases in Iraq housing American troops. The missile attack does not hurt anyone, but Iranian forces accidentally shoot down a Ukrainian passenger jet, mistaking it for a U.S. cruise missile. The crash kills all 176 people on board, mainly Iranians.

___

Jan. 9: Vice President Mike Pence says Trump will call on European allies to scrap the nuclear deal.

___

Jan. 11: After three days of insisting the plane crash was caused by a technical problem, Iranian officials admit to shooting it down. Iranians express shock and outrage, and security forces fire live ammunition and tear gas to disperse protests in Tehran.

___

Jan. 14: Britain, France and Germany trigger the agreement's dispute resolution mechanism, paving the way for possible additional sanctions

  • Associated Categories: Associated Press (AP), AP World News, AP Business, AP Business - Economy, AP Business - Industries, AP Business - Utilities
© Copyright 2020 AccessWDUN.com
All rights reserved. This material may not be published, broadcast, rewritten, or redistributed without permission.
Key moments in the unraveling of Iran's nuclear deal
European nations have triggered a dispute resolution mechanism in the Iran nuclear deal
9:31AM ( 15 minutes ago )
Iran announces arrests over downing of plane that killed 176
Iran says authorities have made arrests for the accidental shootdown of a Ukrainian passenger plane
9:25AM ( 21 minutes ago )
South Africa to strip refugees' status for any political act
South Africa can now strip refugees of their status if they engage in any political activity related to their home countries
9:14AM ( 32 minutes ago )
Associated Press (AP)
Retired pope distances involvement in priest celibacy book
A longtime aide has distanced Emeritus Pope Benedict XVI from a new book on priestly celibacy and asked that Benedict be removed as co-author after the project gave the impression the retired pope was trying to interfere with the reigning one
8:52AM ( 54 minutes ago )
Tom Hanks' family offered Greek passport too for fire help
Greece's government is extending its offer of citizenship to Tom Hanks to his wife and their two children, in recognition of the family's help in assisting victims of a deadly wildfire near Athens in 2018
8:52AM ( 54 minutes ago )
Germany to host Libya peace conference in Berlin on Sunday
German Chancellor Angela Merkel is inviting world powers to a summit in Berlin on Sunday to discuss efforts to broker peace in Libya
8:26AM ( 1 hour ago )
AP World News
World's largest asset manager shifts focus to climate change
BlackRock, the world's largest asset manager, will make climate change central to its investment decisions going forward
8:40AM ( 1 hour ago )
Global shares slip ahead of US-China 'Phase 1' trade deal
Global shares are mostly lower as investors reined in their optimism over a trade deal to be signed between the U.S. and China
7:10AM ( 2 hours ago )
10 Things to Know for Today
Get ready for Tuesday, January 14th with a few things to know about the day’s news from The Associated Press
7:08AM ( 2 hours ago )
AP Business
China welcomes currency decision ahead of trade deal with US
China has welcomed the Trump administration's decision ahead of the signing of a trade deal with Beijing to drop it from a list of governments accused of manipulating the value of their currencies to gain an unfair advantage in trade
6:22AM ( 3 hours ago )
Global shares rise ahead of US-China 'Phase 1' trade deal
Global shares are mostly higher following a Wall Street rally spurred by optimism that a trade deal between the U.S. and China will be a boon for the regional economy
5:58AM ( 3 hours ago )
Asian shares rise ahead of US-China 'Phase 1' trade deal
Asian shares are mostly higher following a Wall Street rally spurred by optimism that a trade deal between the U.S. and China will be a boon for the regional economy
4:13AM ( 5 hours ago )
AP Business - Economy
Federal government blasts PG&E's deal with fire victims
Tensions between the U.S. government and Pacific Gas & Electric are boiling over as they battle over whether a taxpayer-funded agency should be allowed to stake a claim on a $13.5 billion settlement covering most of the losses from catastrophic wildfires blamed on the bankrupt utility
3:00AM ( 6 hours ago )
High anxiety: Proposed US hemp rules worry industry
Hemp was ushered in as a federally legal agricultural crop under the groundbreaking 2018 Farm Bill
7:22PM ( 14 hours ago )
Trump to promote trade deals in Sunday speech to US farmers
The White House says President Donald Trump will highlight his policies on trade and domestic energy when he addresses the American Farm Bureau Federation's annual convention Sunday in Austin, Texas
1:23PM ( 20 hours ago )
AP Business - Industries
Japan's Abe meets Saudi king amid threats in Persian Gulf
Japanese Prime Minister Shinzo Abe is in Saudi Arabia for talks, amid heightened tensions in the region
10:49AM ( 1 day ago )
Canadian province retracts warning of nuclear power incident
The Canadian  province of Ontario has sent an alert reporting an unspecified “incident” at a nuclear plant _ only to later report the message was sent in error
10:17AM ( 1 day ago )
Aramco's 'greenshoe option' pushes IPO to record $29.4B
Saudi oil giant Aramco's initial public offering raised $29.4 billion, more than previously announced after the company says it used a so-called “greenshoe option” to sell an additional 450 million shares to meet investor demand
5:46AM ( 2 days ago )
AP Business - Utilities
Iran announces arrests over downing of plane that killed 176
Iran says authorities have made arrests for the accidental shootdown of a Ukrainian passenger plane
9:25AM ( 21 minutes ago )
South Africa to strip refugees' status for any political act
South Africa can now strip refugees of their status if they engage in any political activity related to their home countries
9:14AM ( 32 minutes ago )
EU launches Iran nuclear deal dispute action
Iran's foreign ministry has warned of a "serious and strong response" to a European move toward possible sanctions as the nuclear deal they negotiated unravels
9:05AM ( 40 minutes ago )
Warren vows to cancel college debt without awaiting Congress
Presidential candidate Elizabeth Warren says she'd order her secretary of education to cancel up to $50,000 in college debt for about 95% of student borrowers on her first day in office
9:00AM ( 45 minutes ago )
Russians hacked company key to Ukraine scandal: researchers
A U.S. cybersecurity company says Russian military agents successfully hacked the Ukrainian gas company at the center of the scandal that led to President Donald Trump's impeachment
8:55AM ( 50 minutes ago )