BEIJING (AP) — The Chinese government on Friday criticized U.S. opposition to granting Beijing market economy status in the World Trade Organization as reminiscent of the Cold War.
A U.S. document released Thursday in Geneva supports the European Union in opposing giving China market status, which would make it harder to win anti-dumping cases against Beijing for exporting goods at improperly low prices.
A foreign ministry spokesman, Geng Shuang, called on other governments to follow through on what Beijing says was a commitment to stop treating China's state-dominated system as a non-market economy.
"The so-called non-market economy does not exist in WTO multilateral trade rules," said Geng at a regular news briefing. "It is just reminiscent of the domestic laws of certain WTO members in the Cold War era."
The United States took Europe's side in a case brought by China saying it was automatically entitled to market status in December on the 15th anniversary of its 2002 accession to the WTO.
Washington, the EU, Japan and other governments say such status depends on Beijing following through with market-opening changes it has yet to make.
Without that status, other governments have more latitude in declaring China is exporting goods at improperly low prices. They can look at goods from other "surrogate countries" when determining what Chinese prices should be.
"WTO members must end the "surrogate country" practice in anti-dumping investigations against China by December 11, 2016. This is clear cut and beyond doubt," said Geng. "All WTO members should honor their commitments and promises, strictly abide by the international law, and earnestly fulfill the obligation under international agreements."